Radiometric dating disproved
In particular, it was the type of knowledge which people can communicate to each other and share.For example, knowledge about the working of natural things was gathered long before recorded history and led to the development of complex abstract thought.The English term "science" often refers to a particularly formal kind of empirical research, whereas equivalent concepts in other languages may not distinguish as clearly between this and rationalist academic research.The acceptance of the influence of continental philosophy in modern science may differ between countries and between individual universities.This is shown by the construction of complex calendars, techniques for making poisonous plants edible, public works at national scale, such which those which harnessed the floodplain of the Yangtse with reservoirs, dams, and dikes, and buildings such as the Pyramids.However, no consistent conscientious distinction was made between knowledge of such things, which are true in every community, and other types of communal knowledge, such as mythologies and legal systems.In modern science, it is regarded as good scientific practice to aim for principles such as objectivity and reproducibility, which means that improvised methodology or bizarre interpretations should be downplayed, at least unless the scientist rightfully suspects a paradigm change.
The Socratic method searches for general, commonly held truths that shape beliefs and scrutinizes them to determine their consistency with other beliefs.
Advances in modern science are sometimes used to develop new technology, but also examine limits to technological development.
Science in its original sense was a word for a type of knowledge rather than a specialized word for the pursuit of such knowledge.
Aristotle maintained that man knows a thing scientifically "when he possesses a conviction arrived at in a certain way, and when the first principles on which that conviction rests are known to him with certainty".
Other scientists or proto-scientists in Antiquity were Thales, Anaximander, Leucippus, the Pythagoreans, Hippocrates, Democritus, Theophrastus, Euclid, Herophilos, Archimedes, Hipparchus, Pliny the Elder, Ptolemy, and Galen.
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During late antiquity and the early Middle Ages, the Aristotelian approach to inquiries on natural phenomena was used.